Rubber is a versatile material used in a variety of industrial and domestic applications. All over the world, natural rubber is extracted from trees. Natural rubber is very soft and in the form of a thick liquid. This type of rubber is not much use. Natural rubber is refined and produces a final product called polyisoprene. This type of rubber can also be synthesized by artificial methods. Synthetic rubber has a wide industrial use compared to natural rubber.
They are used to make tires, household products, tubes, industrial hoses, industrial bearings and so on. Rubber also has a high use in construction for flooring, matting, etc. It is also widely used in the manufacture of medical products such as surgical gloves, catheters, etc. The molecular structure of rubber consists of long interlocking polymer chains which make it ideal for use in a wide variety of industries.
Natural rubber is not completely suitable for industrial use so the vulcanization process is used to improve the properties and strength of the material by adding sulfur to it. After that, the vulcanization strength of the material is significantly increased, making it suitable for industrial use.
Since vulcanized rubber has wide use in industry, it is important to test various properties of materials and final products so that manufacturers can ensure the best quality they are provided to their customers. There are many different properties of rubber that need to be tested before starting the manufacturing process. This helps in avoiding massive rejection of the final product. Tests carried out on rubber include tensile strength, compressive strength, aging effects, etc. An important test procedure performed on rubber materials is testing under an ozone environment.
The ozone chamber is used to test the effect of ozone on rubber products or materials under controlled conditions. When rubber is exposed to ozone for a longer time, there is a significant change in material properties such as breaking strength, tensile strength, etc. The ozone chamber helps in detecting the amount of change that occurs in the test sample after it is exposed to the ozone in the ozone chamber.
Another major testing instrument used for rubber quality testing is the beach hardness tester. The beach hardness tester is used to test the hardness of rubber materials under a certain load. It helps in determining the visco-elastic properties of a material and helps in predicting its suitability for a particular use. The use of rubber products in today’s industrial scenario is unavoidable, but proper testing procedures are essential to ensure that the highest quality products are delivered to customers.